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247.為政>綱紀 V3:君民者,章好以示民俗,慎惡以御民之淫,則民不惑矣

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发表于 2019-6-12 04:45:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
七、綱紀 The Basis of Principles


247、上人①疑,則百姓惑;下難知②,則君長勞。難知,有姦心也。故君民者,章③好以示民俗,慎惡以御④民之淫⑤,則民不惑矣。淫,貪侈也。《孝經》曰:「示之以好惡,而民知禁也。」 (卷七 禮記)


【註釋】①上人:居於上位的人,指君主。②難知:指心懷欺詐,難知其心。③章:通「彰」,彰明。④御:治理,控制。⑤淫:貪逸奢侈。


【白話】居上位的人好惡不明,就會使人民疑惑而無所適從;居下位的人心懷欺詐,難知其心,就會使上位者格外操勞。因此治理人民的領導者,應該表彰優良的道德規範,以引導社會的風俗人情;慎重懲處罪過,以防止人民流於貪奢放逸的風氣,這樣人民就不會陷於迷惑了。


247. If those in higher positions cannot distinguish right from wrong, this would confound the people. If those in lower positions have fraudulent intentions that were hard to detect, this would make the superior’s job extra tiring.  Thus, a ruler governing the people should commend virtuous role models to influence the social customs. In addition, he would prudently impose punishments on crimes to deter people from adopting bad practices such as greed, extravagance and recklessness. In this way, the people would not be confounded.


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