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234.為政>愛民 V3:凱悌君子,民之父母

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发表于 2019-5-15 05:27:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
六、愛民Caring about People


234、《詩》曰:「凱①悌②君子,民之父母。」今人有過,教未施,而刑已加焉,或欲改行為善,而道無由至,朕甚憐之。夫刑,至斷支體、刻肌膚,終身不息③,何其刑之痛而不德也!豈稱為民父母之意哉?(卷十四 漢書二)


【註釋】①凱:和樂,歡樂。②悌:溫和平易。③息:滋息,生長。


【白話】(漢文帝下詔:)《詩經》上說:「和樂平易的君子啊,是人民的父母。」如今人們有了過失,還沒有施以教化,而刑罰已經加到了他們身上,有的人想改過行善,卻沒有這樣的機會了,朕非常憐憫他們。刑罰能達到截斷肢體、刺刻肌膚,一生都不能再生長復原,這樣的刑罰是多麼令人苦痛而又不合道德!難道這符合為民父母的本意嗎?


234. King Wen of the Han dynasty decreed: “Shi Jing said: ‘Serene, kind and humble Junzi are the parents of the people.’ Now that the people have erred, but before they could receive education, penalties have already been imposed on them, those who wish to change for the better and perform virtuous deeds no longer have the opportunity. I really sympathize with them. If penalties have reached the extent of severing people’s limbs and pricking their skin, making their limbs unable to grow again or making it impossible for their condition to revert to a previous state, such penalties make people miserable and do not comply with virtues! Does it accord with the original intention of acting as the parents of the people?”


Scroll 14: Han Shu, Vol. 2

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