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231.為政>愛民 V3:誠愛天下者得賢

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发表于 2019-5-11 07:57:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
六、愛民Caring about People

231、誠愛天下者得賢。奚①以知其然也?弱子有疾,慈母之見秦醫②也,不爭③禮貌;在囹圄,其走大吏也,不愛資財。視天下若子,是故其見醫者,不爭禮貌;其奉養也,不愛資財。故文王之見太公望也,一日五反;桓公之奉管仲也,列城有數。此所以其僻小,身至穢污④,而為正於天下也。 (卷三十六 尸子)


【註釋】①奚:何。②秦醫:原指扁鵲,後泛指良醫。③爭:力求得到。④穢污:此處指桓公德行污穢。《說苑‧尊賢》記載桓公殺兄而立等事。


【白話】真心愛護天下的人會得到賢才。何以知道是這樣呢?孩子生病了,慈母求見良醫,顧不得自己的尊嚴禮節;愛子陷入監獄,父母奔走求救於大官之間,也不會吝惜錢財。一個人把天下人看做自己的孩子,那麼尋找治理天下的良醫時,就不會計較禮貌,奉養他們也不會吝惜錢財。所以周文王拜見姜太公時,一天五次往返;齊桓公奉養管仲,將幾座城池都分封給了他。這就是為什麼文王的國家雖然偏僻弱小,桓公的行為雖然污穢不潔,卻能夠為政於天下的原因所在。


231. By sincerely loving the people, a ruler would be able to attract the virtuous and capable to serve him. What is the rationality behind this? When a child falls ill, a loving mother would request to see a good doctor and would not bother about her own dignity and proprieties. If one’s beloved son is in prison, his parents would rush everywhere to seek help from the high officials and would not be miserly when it comes to money. If a ruler treats the people as his own children, he would search for doctors skilled in governing, and he would not fuss about proprieties or be miserly when it comes to supporting them financially. When King Wen of the Zhou dynasty paid visits to Jiang Tai Gong, he went back and forth five times a day. When Duke Huan of the State of Qi hired Guan Zhong, the duke endowed him with a few cities. This is why both King Wen (although his kingdom was remote, weak and small) and Duke Huan (whose conduct was indecent and corrupt) were able to rule the land.


Scroll 36: Shi Zi

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