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211.為政>任使 V3:夫有不急之官,則有不急之祿

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发表于 2019-4-17 04:51:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
四、任使 Appointing Officials


211、夫有不急①之官,則有不急之祿,國之蛑賊②也。明主設官,使人當於事。人當於事,則吏少而民多。民多則歸農者眾,吏少則所奉③者寡。使吏祿厚則養足④,則無求於民。無求於民,姦軌⑤息矣。(卷五十 袁子正書)


【註釋】①不急:不切需要。②蛑(móu/ㄇㄡˊ)賊:吃禾苗的害蟲。比喻敗類、禍害。蛑今即作「蟊」。③奉:供養。④養足:供養充足。⑤姦軌(guĭ/ㄍㄨㄟˇ):即姦宄。指違法作亂的事或人。軌:通「宄」。作亂或盜竊的壞人。


【白話】有不必要的官職,就會有不必要的俸祿,這是國家的害蟲。英明的君主設置官職,使人數和政事相稱。人數和政事相稱,就會讓官吏減少而百姓增多。百姓多,從事農業勞動的就多;官吏少,拿俸祿的人就少。使官吏俸祿多則足以供給家用,這樣官吏就不會再向民間索求。不向民間索求,違法作亂的事就停息了。


211. With redundant official positions, there will be redundant salaries. These are the country’s pests. A wise ruler establishes official positions to ensure that government affairs commensurate with the number of staff involved. When government affairs commensurate with the number of staff, fewer officials are needed and the number of laypeople will increase. The more the laypeople, the greater is the number that can be involved in agriculture. Fewer officials also mean that those receiving salaries are fewer in number. Officials will receive ample salaries to support their families, and no longer will they extort anything from the laypeople. Without extorting anything from the lay people, rebellions and offenses will be put to a stop.


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