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208.為政>任使 V3:明王之使人有五

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发表于 2019-4-15 04:18:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
四、任使 Appointing Officials


208、明王之使人①有五:一曰以大體②期之,二曰要③其成功,三曰忠信不疑,四曰至公無私,五曰與天下同憂。以大體期之,則臣自重;要其成功,則臣勤懼;忠信不疑,則臣盡節;至公無私,則臣盡情④;與天下同憂,則臣盡死。(卷五十 袁子正書)


【註釋】①使人:用人。②大體:重要的義理,有關大局的道理。③要:期望。④盡情:盡心盡力。


【白話】明君用人有五個要點:一是以識大體相期許,二是希望臣子建功立業,三是信任臣子而毫不懷疑,四是君王能大公無私,五是能與天下百姓同憂愁、共患難。以識大體相期許,臣子就會謹言慎行;希望他建功立業,臣子就會勤奮戒懼;對臣子堅信不疑,臣子就會竭盡志節效力;大公無私,臣子就會盡心竭力;與天下百姓同憂愁、共患難,臣子就會以死效忠。


208. In employing the services of the people, a wise ruler would note the following five important points:


1.Know the essential moral principles and carry certain expectations;


2.Hopeful that officials could establish their careers and make contributions;


3.Have no misgivings about his officials, placing full trust in them;


4.Remain fair and just;and


5.Stay by the people through thick and thin.


By knowing the  essential moral principles and carrying certain expectations, the officials would be prudent in their speech and actions. By hoping that they could establish their careers and make contributions, they would become diligent and be reverentially circumspect. By having no misgivings about them, they would put in their fullest efforts and push their ambitions to the furthest. By remaining fair and just, his officials would be dedicated in serving him. By staying by the people through thick and thin, his officials would serve with utmost loyalty, so much so that they are willing to sacrifice their lives for the ruler.
Scroll 50: Yuan Zi Zheng Shu



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