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205.為政>任使 V3:用人之道

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发表于 2019-4-9 04:36:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
四、任使 Appointing Officials


205、以天下之目視,以天下之耳聽,以天下之智慮,以天下之力爭,故號令能下究,而臣情得上聞,百官脩通①,群臣輻湊②。喜不以賞賜,怒不以罪誅,法令察而不苛,耳目通(通作聰)而不暗,善否之情,日陳於前而不逆,賢者盡其智,不肖者竭其力,近者安其性,遠者懷其德,用人之道也。(卷三十五 文子)


【註釋】①脩通:逐級上達,通於君主。脩:同「修」。循,依次。②輻湊:車輻條集中於軸心。


【白話】用天下人的眼睛觀察,用天下人的耳朵傾聽,用天下人的智慧來思考,用天下人的力量來爭取天下人的幸福,所以號令能貫徹到底,民情得以上達,百官逐級上傳、通於君主,群臣擁護君主如同車輻條集中於車輪軸心。君主不因為高興就行賞賜,不因為憤怒就給予責罰,法令昭著卻不苛煩,視聽明達而不暗昧,好壞情況每天稟報上來而不抗拒、牴觸,使賢能者可竭盡其智慧,平凡之人能竭盡其能力,身邊的人能安定地生活,遠方的人感念君主的恩德,這是因為他掌握了用人之道的結果。


205. Use the eyes of the people to see, use the ears of the people to hear, use the wisdom of the people to deliberate, and use the strength of the people to achieve goodness for all people. Thus, laws could be thoroughly implemented, the people’s sentiments are made known to the ruler, the officials’ views gradually reach the ears of the ruler, and the officials would support the ruler like spokes centered on the wheel axis. The ruler will not give out rewards just because he is happy, or scold and reprimand others just because he is angry. The laws are clear but not onerous, and observations and words are delivered free of obscurity. Daily reports are received with open arms and not resisted, so that the wise and able could use their wisdom to the fullest, and ordinary folks could exert their ability to the fullest. The people nearby could enjoy stability whereas those afar would remain grateful toward the ruler’s grace. This is the result of the ruler fully understanding the way of employing people.


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