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204.為政>知人 V3:夫陰陽和,歲乃豐;君臣同心,化乃成也

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发表于 2019-4-5 08:02:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
三、知人 Good Judge of Character

204、夫陰陽和,歲乃豐;君臣同心,化乃成也。其刺史太守以下,拜除①京師,及道出洛陽者,宜皆召見,可因博問四方,兼以觀察其人。諸上書言事,有不合者,可但報歸田里,不宜過加喜怒,以明在寬也。(卷二十二 後漢書二)


【註釋】①拜除:拜授官職。


【白話】(第五倫上疏說:)陰陽調和,就會有豐收之年;君臣同心同德,教化才能有成效啊!對刺史、太守以下的官員,任命為京官,以及從國都洛陽外派的官吏,陛下都應召見,可藉此了解四方的情況,同時觀察本人的品行能力。各位官員上書議事有不合事實的,可讓他們回歸家鄉,不應過分地以自己的喜怒而處罰,以明示施政寬厚。


204. In his memorial to the king, Di Wu Lun said: “A harmonious relationship between the Yin and the Yang would bring a year of good harvest. If superiors and subordinates share the same vision and virtues, transformative education would be effective. If Your Majesty could appoint provincial governors, prefects, and other lower-ranking officials as court officials, and summon to audience the expatriates in the capital Luoyang, Your Majesty could use this as an opportunity to understand the situation of the four corners and observe the conduct and abilities of the aforementioned people. Officials who write letters to debate untruthful things should be asked to return to their hometowns. Punishments should not be imposed based on one’s feelings, and this will show that the administration is tolerant.”


Scroll 22: Hou Han Shu, Vol. 2
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