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187.為政>教化 V3:教之以德,齊之以禮,則民徙義而從善

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发表于 2019-3-14 06:03:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Four 為政 ON THE SUBJECT OF ADMINISTRATION
二、教化 Teach and Transform


187、《語》曰:「既富矣,又何加焉?曰:教之。」教之以德,齊①之以禮,則民徙義②而從善。莫不入孝出悌③,夫何奢侈暴慢④之有乎?(卷四十二 鹽鐵論)


【註釋】①齊:整,整飭,整治。②徙義:移向義,謂見義即改變意念而從之。③入孝出悌:在家孝敬父母,出門嚴守長幼禮義。④暴慢:凶暴傲慢。


【白話】《論語》上說:「百姓已經富裕了,還要怎麼辦呢?孔子回答說:要教育他們。」用道德教化他們,用禮儀規範他們,百姓明理了就會改變意念依從正義和善道,人人都能在家孝敬父母、在外遵守長幼之禮。這樣哪裡還有什麼揮霍浪費、凶暴傲慢的現象呢?


187. In the Analects, there was a question: “When the people are wealthy, what more shall be done?” Confucius replied: “Educate them.” Teaching the people virtues and regulating their conduct with proprieties would help them understand the right principles, and they would thereby reform their thoughts and abide by the path of righteousness and virtues. If everybody can fulfill filial piety and respect while serving their parents at home, and follow the proprieties of orderliness while being away from home, would there be any incidents of profligacy, brutality and arrogance?


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