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138.贵德>謙虛 V3:知與之為得,知後之為先,即幾道矣

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发表于 2019-1-7 06:15:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Chapter Three 貴德 ESTEEMING VIRTUES
七、謙虛 Humility


138、人之情,服於德,不服於力。故古之聖王,以其言下人,以其身後人,即天下推而不厭,戴而不重。此德有餘,而氣順也。故知與之為得(得作取),知後之為先,即幾①道矣。(卷三十五 文子)


【註釋】①幾:將近;幾乎。


【白話】人的心理,是順服於道德,而不順服於威力。所以古代的聖明君王,處處言語謙卑,事事行在人後,天下人都推重他而不厭煩他,擁戴他在人民之上而人民並不感到有重壓。這就是德高有餘而氣順於道。因此,懂得「給予」就是「得到」,懂得甘居人後實際上是站在了人前,這就接近於「道」了。


138. The human mind is such that it obeys morality but not power. The ancient sage-king always spoke humbly and put others before him; hence, all the people would give him importance and would not be tired of him. He received the support of the people and they felt no pressure. Such is being highly virtuous and going according to the Dao. 255 Humility Thus, understanding that giving is receiving, and knowing that yielding to others is actually staying ahead of the game, brings one closer to the Dao.


Scroll 35: Wen Zi


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