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群書治要360(Ⅲ)108.君子跬步弗敢忘孝也

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发表于 2018-12-7 07:10:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
群書治要360(第三卷)
Qunshu Zhiyao 360 Vol. 3
群三.jpg 群三-1.jpg
Chapter Three  
貴德 ESTEEMING VIRTUES
二、孝悌 Filial Piety and Kinship
108、樂正子春①下堂而傷其足,數月不出,猶有憂色。門弟子曰:「夫子之足瘳②矣,數月不出,猶有憂色,何也?」曰:「吾聞諸曾子③,父母全而生之,子全而歸之,可謂孝矣;不虧其體,不辱其身,可謂全矣。故君子跬步④弗敢忘孝也。今予忘孝之道,予是以有憂色也。」(卷七 禮記)
【註釋】①樂正子春:春秋時魯國人,曾參的弟子。②瘳(chōu/ㄔㄡ):病癒。③曾子:即曾參,春秋魯國武城人,字子輿,孔子弟子,年紀比孔子小四十六歲。事親至孝,作《孝經》,後世尊稱為「宗聖」。④跬步:半步。跨上一足曰跬,連跨兩足為步。
【白話】樂正子春有一次從堂上走下來,不慎扭傷了脚,好幾個月沒有出門,一直面有愁容。他的門下弟子便問道:「老師您的脚不是好了嗎?您好幾個月不出門,到現在還面帶憂愁,這是為什麼呢?」樂正子春說:「我從前聽我的老師曾子說過,『父母完完整整地生下我們,我們死時也得將這個身子完完整整地歸還給父母,這才可以稱得上孝順;沒有損毁父母給我們的這個身體,沒有辱沒了為人一世的善名,這才是完完整整的歸還給父母。因此君子即使邁出半步路,都不敢忘了對父母的孝道。』這回我竟然忘了孝道,所以我才會有愁容啊。」
108. As Yue Zheng Zi Chun1 descended from the hall, he carelessly twisted his foot. He was homebound for several months and appeared gloomy. So, his disciples asked him: “Teacher, hasn’t your foot recovered? You have stayed at home for several months and you still look miserable until now. Why is that so?” Yue Zheng Zi Chun replied: “In the past, I heard my teacher Zeng Zi said that ‘our parents gave birth to us unscathed, so when we die, we should return this physical body unscathed to our parents. Only this can be considered filial. Not injuring the physical body that our parents have given us and not bringing dishonor to our reputation is to return ourselves in its entirety to our parents. Hence, every half a step that a Junzi takes, he will remember to be filial toward his parents.’ I have actually forgotten about filial piety this time, that’s why I look so gloomy.”
Scroll 7: Li Ji
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1.Yue Zheng Zi Chun was from the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period. He was the disciple of Zeng Zi, a prominent student of Confucius.

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