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群書治要360(Ⅲ)104.履,德之基也。

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发表于 2018-12-4 08:05:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
群書治要360(第三卷)
Qunshu Zhiyao 360 Vol. 3
群三.jpg 群三-1.jpg
Chapter Three  
貴德 ESTEEMING VIRTUES
一、尚道 Be Respectful of the Dao
104、子曰:「履,德之基也。基所蹈也。謙,德之柄也。復,德之本也。恆,德之固也。固不傾移也。損,德之修也。益,德之裕也。能益物者,其德寬大也。困,德之辯①也。」困而益明。(卷一 周易)

【註釋】①辯:通「辨」。辨別;區分。

【白話】孔子說道:「履卦,天在上,澤在下,上下有分,尊卑有序,這就是履踐禮,所以履是德行的初基。謙卦,山在地下,有禮讓的意思,是德的柯柄,必須一直持著,不可以忘失。復卦,修養德行以恢復明德為根本,所以復為德之本。恆卦,修養德行,能夠堅守道德,始終不變,所以恆是德之固。損卦,能夠懲止瞋心,窒塞貪欲,就是在修養德行,所以損是德之修。益卦,君子能夠遷善改過,德行就會愈來愈充裕,所以益是德之裕。困卦,坎險在下,兌悅在上,遭遇險阻困頓的時候,能夠辨別怎麼做才是符合道德的,經得起考驗,最終能以和悅的心態克服困難,所以困是德之辨。」

104. Confucius said: “In the Lü 履 1 hexagram, Heaven lies above the Marsh, illustrating order in the superior–subordinate relationship and that between the noble and the lowly. Such is the practice of propriety. Thus Lü is the foundation of all morality. For the Qian 謙 2 hexagram, Mountain remains below the Earth, a symbol of showing courtesy. This is the hilt of morality that should always be upheld and must never be forgotten. The Fu 復 3 hexagram symbolizes the cultivation of morality as the foundation for re-establishing virtues, thus Fu is the root of all virtues. The Heng 恆 4 hexagram shows that in the cultivation of morality, one could persevere in upholding virtues with steadfastness; hence Heng consolidates virtues. The Sun 損 5 hexagram indicates putting a stop to one’s anger and restraining desires. In other words, it points toward the cultivation of virtuous conduct. The Yi 益 6 hexagram symbolizes rectifying one’s mistakes and changing for the better, bringing enhancement to one’s moral achievements, so Yi represents the abundance of virtues. In the Kun 困 7 hexagram, the lower trigram symbolizes Water that lies dangerously below the Marsh or Rain, meaning that when one encounters difficulties or obstacles, he should be able to distinguish what goes according to morality. Being able to stand the test of time, he will finally attain a harmonious mindset to overcome these problems. Thus Kun is the ability to discern virtues.”

Scroll 1: Zhou Yi
--------------------------------------------
1 Lü 履, hexagram no. 10.
2 Qian 謙, hexagram no. 15.
3  Fu 復, hexagram no. 24.
4  Heng 恆, hexagram no. 32.
5 Sun 損, hexagram no. 41.
6 Yi 益, hexagram no. 42.
7 Kun 困,hexagramno.47.

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